Radians measure angles as the ratio of the angle’s arc length over the radius of the circle used to draw the arc. A full rotation in radians is equal to (tau) radians.
The radian system is used for measuring angles and as the unit of choice for trigonometric functions. While the degree angle system is often used to introduce concepts, the radian system eventually becomes the preferred unit for measuring angles in math^{[1]}.
Radians are a unit that measures angle as the ratio of the angle’s arc length over the radius of a circle. The (equivalent) symbol is used to represent the radiusinvariant property of the definiton^{[2]}. A full rotation is equal to (tau) radians where is the naturally occurring circle constant defined by a circle’s circumference divided by its radius.
Angles measured using radians are usually expressed using the circle constant (tau). Shown below are some examples of angles measured using radians. The variable (theta) is a variable commonly used for angles. By convention, angles in the coordinate plane are measured from the positive direction where the counterclockwise rotation is positive.
Radians are often introduced with the trigonometric functions and the unit circle. Shown below are the plots of sine and cosine labeled in radians.
The short answer for why radians are preferred to degrees is that the radian system leads to more succinct and elegant formulas throughout mathematics^{[3]}. For example, the derivative of the sine function is only true when the angle is expressed in radians.
See the long answer on this page.

Radians Versus DegreesWumbo (internal)

RadiansWumbo (internal)

No, really, pi is wrong: The Tau ManifestoMichael Hartl