Latin Alphabet

The Latin Alphabet is a collection of 26 symbols that form the basis of the English language. In mathematics, the Latin Alphabet’s symbols are used extensively to represent variables, constants, and coeffecients found in math expressions, formulas, and equations. The Greek Alphabet is also used for the same purpose.

Lower Case Letters

Symbol Description
a Symbol

The latin letter a is used to represent a variable or coefficient.

b Symbol

The latin letter is used in math to represent a variable or coeffecient.

c Symbol

The latin letter is used in mathematics to represent a variable or coeffecient.

d Symbol

The latin letter d.

e Symbol

The latin letter in is used in math to represent Euler’s Number. Euler’s number is a constant related to exponential growth that appears in many formulas and math equations as shorthand for the exponential function and as the base of the natural logarithm function.

f Symbol

The latin letter f is used in mathematics to represent the name of a generic mathematical function

g Symbol

The latin letter g is often used in mathematics to represent a function. Typically, the symbol is used in a expression like this: . In plain language, this represents the function which takes in a number as input.

h Symbol

The latin letter h is used in math as a variable. It appears in many geometric formulas for area and volume to represent the height of a shape.

i Symbol

The latin letter is used in mathematics to define complex numbers, where represents the square root of negative one. The symbol is also used in computing and linear algebra as an index variable.

j Symbol

The latin letter j.

k Symbol

The latin letter k is used in math as a variable. It commonly appears as an index variable for matrices along with the other letters i, j, and l.

l Symbol

The latin letter l.

m Symbol

The latin letter m.

n Symbol

The latin letter n is commonly used in math as a variable.

o Symbol

The latin letter o.

p Symbol

The latin letter p.

q Symbol

The latin letter q.

r Symbol

The latin letter r is used in math as a variable. It appears in geometric equations as a variable to represent the radius of a circle.

s Symbol

The latin letter s is used in statistics to represent the sample standard deviation.

t Symbol

The latin letter t. In mathematics the symbol 't' is often used in equations as a variable to represent time.

u Symbol

The latin letter u.

v Symbol

The latin letter v.

w Symbol

The latin letter w.

x Symbol

The latin letter x is used to represent a variable or coefficient. In algebra, x is often used to represent an unkown value. The symbol x is also used to represent the horizontal dimension in the 2D cartesian coordinate system.

y Symbol

The latin letter y is used to represent a variable or coefficient. Most commonly, y is the vertical dimension in the 2D cartesian coordinate system.

z Symbol

The latin letter z is used to represent a variable or coefficient. The symbol z is also used to represent the up/down dimension in the 3D cartesian coordinate system.

Upper Case Letters

Symbol Description
capital a Symbol

The capital Latin letter A is used in math as a variable. In linear algebra it is commonly used to represent a matrix. It also appears in the compound interest formula as the accumulated value.

capital b Symbol

The capital Latin letter B is used in probability as a random variable.

capital c Symbol

The capital Latin letter C is used in mathematics as a variable. For example, it appears in geometric formulas as a variable representing the circumference of a circle. It also is used to represent the set of complex numbers displayed using a “double-struck” typeface.

capital d Symbol

The capital Latin letter D is used in mathematics as a variable.

capital e Symbol

The capital Latin letter E.

capital f Symbol

The capital Latin letter is used in mathematics to represent the anti-derivative of a function .

capital g Symbol

The capital Latin letter G.

capital h Symbol

The capital Latin letter H.

capital i Symbol

The capital Latin letter I is used in math to represent the identity matrix sometimes with subtext to represent the size of the matrix.

capital j Symbol

The capital Latin letter J.

capital k Symbol

The capital Greek letter (Kappa) is visually very similar to the upper-case Latin letter K. For that reason, refer to the usage of Capital K for how the symbol appears in math.

capital l Symbol

The capital Latin letter L.

capital m Symbol

The capital Latin letter M.

capital n Symbol

The capital Latin letter N is used in mathematics to represent the set of natural numbers. Usually, the letter is presented with a “double-struck” typeface to indicate that it is the set of natural numbers. Otherwise, N is also used as a variable.

capital o Symbol

The capital Latin letter O.

capital p Symbol

The capital Latin letter is used throughout mathematics as a variable. The symbol is used to represent a point in space in the cartesian coordinate system. The symbol is used in various formulas and in statistics the symbol is used to represent a probability distribution.

capital q Symbol

The capital Latin letter Q is used in mathematics to represent the set of natural numbers. Usually, the letter is presented with a “double-struck” typeface when it is used to represent the set of rational numbers.

capital r Symbol

The capital Latin letter R is used in mathematics to represent the set of real numbers. Usually, the letter is presented with a "double-struck" typeface when it is used to represent the set of real numbers.

capital s Symbol

The capital Latin letter S is used in math to represent the partial sum of a series.

capital t Symbol

The capital Latin letter T.

capital u Symbol

The capital Latin letter U.

capital v Symbol

The capital Latin letter is commonly used in math as a variable to represent volume.

capital w Symbol

The capital Latin letter W.

capital x Symbol

The capital Latin letter X is used to represent a random variable in statistics

capital y Symbol

The capital Latin letter Y.

capital z Symbol

The capital Latin letter Z is used in mathematics to represent the set of integers. Usually, the letter is presented with a "double-struck" typeface to indicate that it is the set of integers.