
linear algebraa mathematical object represented by an ordered list of numbers called components, which define its magnitude and direction.
A vector is a mathematical object represented by an ordered list of numbers called components, which define its magnitude and direction in a multidimensional space. Vectors can be added, subtracted, and scaled by a scalar, following specific rules. Vectors can be represented graphically as arrows pointing from the origin to the point defined by their components. The length of the arrow represents the magnitude of the vector, and the direction of the arrow represents its direction.
For example, in a twodimensional Cartesian plane, a vector has two components: representing its horizontal displacement and representing its vertical displacement.
Similarly, in a threedimensional space, a vector has three components: , , and .
A point in geometry is a specific location in space, represented by coordinates in a given coordinate system. It has no dimensions, only position. In a twodimensional space, a point is represented by an ordered pair of numbers (x, y).